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Laser Cutting Of Nylon: Technique, Process, Applications & Benefits

Author: Yaozu Deng
Published on: 2024-04-02

“The way we handle nylon has been disrupted by laser cutting. Design Manufacturers can create intricate blueprints and increase overall production because of its precision, flexibility, and speedy cutting pros.”

Nevertheless, it might be difficult to achieve precise cuts using conventional techniques like shears, dies, or water jets. However, laser cutting produces clean, fast, accurate, efficient, and economical prospects from other traditional cutting methods. From smaller contours to larger holes with precision, and smooth finishes, laser cutting has become an increasingly popular technique.  Moreover, the integration of CNC laser cutting has advanced the technique for effectiveness and perfectness over the traditional one.

This blog covers the enormous potential of nylon for making it compatible with cutting through Laser. Moreover, we will walk through the benefits of Nylon Laser with its industrial upsides.


What is Laser Cutting of Nylon?

Manufacturers integrate laser beams for quality and speedy reaffirmations in their projects. Laser cutting of nylon is performed by using a beam of light, which melts, vaporizes, or burns away along the designated cutting path. This results in a clean, accurate cut with minimal heat-affected zones and little to no material distortion. 

Nylon sheet cutting with laser 

Due to its high precision and versatility, the technique has gained significant attention and become a preferred choice among design manufacturers. The core advantage of nylon is that it melts upon cutting and the laser beam precisely performs optimal cuts through it without deteriorating its chemistry. 

Additionally, nylon produces less material waste with minimal heat-affected zones. Even not only Nylon but several other materials such as metal, elastomers, and plastic can be precisely cut through a concentrated laser beam.


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Nylon: A Man-Made Thermoplastic

Nylon or polyamide fiber derived from petrochemical products. It is a flexible engineered thermoplastic that possesses high structural strength and toughness. 

Nylon Fiber

Nylon comes in numeral grades, such as nylon 6, nylon 6/6, and nylon 12, each grade offering exceptional benefits and limitations. Moreover, nylon offers distinguished features when compared to other thermoplastics in terms of malleability, and resistance to heat and stress. 

Likewise, high precision rates and accuracies are quite easy to achieve by utilizing nylon in cutting applications. 


How To Laser Cut Nylon?

There are some important considerations before starting your nylon fiber laser cutting project. A complete understanding of the laser cutting of the nylon process will facilitate in designing and selecting the appropriate laser method for your needs. 

Laser Cutting of Nylon

  • The first step is to prepare a design file in vectorial configuration. You can use CNC software for designing intended for your requirements. 
  • Then, the selection of the right cutting technique comes the way. Generally, CO2 Laser is utilized for highly precise and complex geometries. It cuts with a power of around 40 to 120 KW. The selection criteria depend on the optimal resolution and cut precision.
  • After selection, place the nylon sheet on the cutting bed to allow the laser to make optimal cuts through it. The smooth transition between digital design and physical placement of sheets plays a key role in this process.
  • Initial testing on the targeted nylon fiber may be acquired to mitigate any machining flaws for smooth operations throughputs.
  • After the cutting operation, the cooling and solidification phase integrates to solidify the sheet.
  • Throughout this process, optimum conditions, such as pressure, temperatures, calibration, and beam alignment should be carefully controlled to avoid any misleading consequences.


Laser Cutting of Nylon: Things to Consider

Although laser cutting offers numerous advantages, there are a few things to consider when working with nylon fiber;

    • The level of laser power coupled with the desired cutting speed is determined by how thick the nylon sheet is laid on the cutting bed.
    • Moreover, in laser cutting, nylon materials such as Nylon 6, Nylon 6/6, Nylon 11, and Nylon 12 are effectively processed using CO2 lasers with a wavelength of either 9.3 or 10.6 micrometers. 
    • However, it’s necessary to note that using a 1.06-micron fiber laser is not recommended for cutting nylon through CO2 laser cutting, as the material does not readily absorb the energy. 
    • Nylon off fumes and smell odors during the process of laser-cutting. So, it’s necessary to perform cutting operations in the proper venting environment to create a secure and healthful workplace.
    • Automatic Laser Cutting streamlines the process and results in relatively error-free outcomes.
    • In Laser cutting nylon, temperature control is crucially important as a minor mishandling can lead to wrapping and shrinkage problems during laser cutting.
    • The speed at which the laser moves across the nylon impacts the quality of the cut or engraving. That’s why experiments with different speeds are initially made to find the optimal balance between precision and efficiency. 


Nylon Grades For Laser Cutting

Normally, there are four grades of nylon, compatible with laser cutting and result in high precision and clean cuts to be made in various thicknesses and shapes.

Some of them are as follows:

Nylon 6

  • Nylon 6 has relatively high tensile strength, toughness and impact resistance, and lustrous surface.
  • It’s widely adopted by companies, such as; automotive, electronics, clothing, medicine, and consumer goods industries.

Nylon 66

  • Nylon 6-6, or nylon 6/6 has high stiffness and comes with a crystalline structure, ultimately yielding more strength than other grades of nylon.
  • This grade is broadly used in aerospace, automotive, and electrical industries also suitable for demanding applications such as gears and bearings.

Nylon 11

  • It’s a biobased polymer.
  • Nylon 11(PA 11) belongs to a polyamide family and is produced from petroleum oil.
  • It has high impact resistance, flexibility, and chemical resistance properties.
  • Nylon 11 brings outstanding pros to the automotive, oil and gas, and consumer goods manufacturing industries.

Nylon 12

  • Nylon 12(PA 12) finds widespread uses and exhibits robust resistance to chemicals, bases, and salts. 
  • Mostly, PA12 is employed by techniques, injection molding, 3D Printing, and laser engraving and cutting.


Techniques for Laser Cutting Nylon

Let’s take a closer look at the techniques of laser cutting appropriate to perform optimal cutting on nylon fiber. Here’s a table summarizing the different techniques used for cutting nylon:

Table: Laser Cutting Techniques for Nylon

Techniques Min. Thickness Max. Thickness
CO2 laser cutting 0.1 millimeter (Source) 25.4 millimetres 
Fibre laser cutting 0.1 millimetre Up to several inches 
Continuous wave laser cutting 0.1 millimetre Varies (typically thick materials)
UV laser cutting A fraction of a millimeter Few millimetres 
Pulsed laser cutting 0.1 millimeter Varies (typically thick materials)


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What are the advantages of Laser Cutting of Nylon?

Laser-cutting nylon has possessed several benefits over conventional cutting techniques. Below, we’ll talk about a few of them.

  • Since laser-cutting nylon produces a precise cut with minimal material waste, it is perfect for intricate designs and patterns, especially for small components and complex features.
  • The integration of computerized cutting emphasizes accuracy with error-free outcomes.
  • Laser cutting of nylon frequently results in smooth and clean edges with minimal risk of material deformation.
  • There is no tooling and post-processing requirement for cutting nylon through a laser beam.
  • Moreover, it offers more speedy iterations along with premium finishing.
  • Less production cost for large volume production runs.
  • During the process, the laser beam not only slices through the material but also effectively melts and seals the edges to pose an excellent surface finish.
  • It minimizes the heat-affected zone (HAZ) around the cut edges while preserving the material’s conformity.


Applications of Laser Cutting Nylon

Laser-cut nylon has become a versatile option for many industries due to its diversity and resilient nature. It serves the following sectors: Automotive, textiles, aerospace, and design firms. Let’s discuss its potential across these sectors.

Clothing & Fashion

In the fashion industry, It has turned out to be a great tool to cut nylon into exact squares and stitches that are ideal for apparel and commercial uses. In textiles, nylon is used in rainwear, lingerie, parachutes, military clothing, lace-like patterns, embellished garments, hats, bags, gloves tubing, etc.


In the automotive sector, nylon laser technologies are used for making car internal parts such as upholstery, car interior & exterior panels, and dashboard components. Additionally, Nylon is also used as an insulation material in vehicles where laser cutting ensures accurate shape and size.


In aerospace, it brings forth durable components for airplane interiors and exteriors. It also exploits to create insulation material components for stringent performance and safety. Moreover, laser-cutting nylon is employed to shape rapid prototypes.

Design and Prototyping

In addition to design and prototyping, laser cutting is a convenient way of producing precision nylon components for various manufacturing needs. Using laser-cutting Nylon product designers can quickly fabricate a prototype of their designs for testing and validation purposes before committing to full large-scale production.

Gaskets & Seals

Laser cutting is really good for crafting perfectly tight small pieces like gaskets and seals. This precision helps gaskets and seals meet tight tolerances and adhere to exact specifications, resulting in high-quality end products.


Get Laser Cutting Services at Prolean

If you want to see the wonders of using laser-cutting nylon in your business ventures then come to the  Prolean platform. Our engineers will bring preeminence to your laser cutting and engraving projects. Moreover, our design professionals will help with designing vector configurations and work alongside you for reliability and to your satisfaction. 

CNC Laser Cutting Service

From Apparel to automotive nylon components, our expertise area spans around. To get expert guidance and services on Laser Cutting contact us now for a free quote!

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Summing Up 

laser cutting of nylon has become the most popular choice to produce intricately detailed components for various enterprises. With the significant demand for lightweight, strong, and highly durable components, nylon serves multiple companies, including automotive, aerospace, medical, and electronics in this aspect.



Q1: What fabric types work well with laser cutting?

A diverse range of fabrics works well with laser cutting, including cotton, felt, silk, linen, lace, polyester, and fleece.

Q2: How does laser cutting stack up against other techniques?

In correspondence to other techniques, laser cutting is known for its fastidiousness, reliance, speedy iteration ability, and accurate cuts over other conventional techniques.

Q3: Is laser cutting nylon safe?

When we adhere to the recommended safety precautions, laser cutting is a safe procedure. This entails making sure there is enough ventilation to eliminate toxins and odors as well as donning the proper personal protective equipment (PPE).

Q4:  Are polymers suitable for laser cutting?

Many plastics can be laser cut, including acrylic, ABS, polyester, polycarbonate, polypropylene, polyethylene, and PVC; however, because of their composition and thickness, each type of plastic requires certain considerations.


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